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Timeline

Thoughts are energy.

A 2011 timeline of protest, revolution and uprising.

By Anthony De Rosa
December 15, 2011

  1. To follow how the Arab Spring symbolically began, we must go back to the end of 2010

    Tunisia: December 17th,
    Mohamed Bouazizi sets himself on fire in Tunisia after repeated harassment from police who confiscated his fruit and vegetable cart, claiming he didn’t have a permit. Bouazizi’s self-immolation is widely considered the event that help propel the Arab Spring into motion.
    Translation of Mohamed Bouazizi’s last message on his Facebook Wall:
    http://omarkhayyam.blogsome.com/2010/12/22/last-message/

    “I’m leaving, mom, I beg your pardon, any blame is useless, I am lost in a path out of my control, pardon me if I disobeyed you, blame our times, don’t blame me, I’m leaving forever, I’ll not be back, I am fed up crying without tears, blames are useless during these cruel times in this place, I’m tired and I forgot all about the past, I’m leaving while asking myself if my departure will help me forget”

    December 24th, a protester named Mohamed Ammari is shot dead in Tunisia.
  2. Hundreds took their dismay 2 streets of a number of towns. Ammari’s death has prompted similar marches inThe capital. undefined
  3. January 2011

    Egypt: January 1st, 21 people die in a suspected al-Qaeda attack on a Coptic church in Alexandria.
  4. #Egypt At least 21 killed in Alexandria church explosion – An explosion went off in front of a Coptic Christian chur… undefined
  5. Tunisia: January 2nd, Internet group Anonymous hacks Tunsia’s government websites

  6. Anonymous Attacks Tunisian Government over Wikileaks Censorship undefined
  7. Tunisia: January 5th, Mohamed Bouazizi dies. Many young people in Tunisia shared Bouazizi’s frustration with their government and in a show of solidarity over 5,000 joined in his funeral procession. Protests had already been forming in Tunisia prior to Bouazizi’s incident, but after they grew much larger.

  8. Family of Mohamed Bouazizi, 26, of #Sidibouzid say he died on Tuesday night. His self-immolation inspired popular uprising in #Tunisia.
  9. Lina Ben Mhenni: “There is a hidden tension that exploded with Mohamed Bouazizi’s death” #Sidibouzid #France24
  10. Egypt: January 7th, In a show of solidarity, Muslims attend Coptic Christmas mass and protect Christians from attacks.
  11. Algeria: January 7th, people take to the streets to protest unemployment and rising food prices.

     

    Tunisia: From January 8th to 10th, demonstrations grow more violent, dozens of protesters are killed.

  12. إطلاق الرصاص على العزل في تونس Tunisia Sidi Bouzid
  13. Capturing Tunisia protests on video

    Footage of key anti-government demonstrations being held across north African country. Last Modified: 05 Jan 2011 20:53 GMT Anti-governme…
  14. Tunisia: January 13th, President Ben Ali promises to step down in 2014, but the protests grow so large and violent that Ali flees from Tunisia to Saudi Arabia the next day.
  15. Tunisian President Ben Ali says won’t seek new term in office in 2014 and promises new freedoms in TV address amid protests
  16. Ben Ali didn’t even respect his own speech in 87 when he came to power, do you want us to believe his last speech as president? #sidibouzid
  17. Incredible scenes here in downtown Tunis. Thousands calling for revolution. Calling Ben Ali a killer. Riot police holding back
  18. Note to Ben Ali: Send the plane back to Tunis when you’re done. It’s not yours.
  19. FLASH:Tunisian PM announces he has taken over from president Ben Ali as interim president
  20. Ben Ali is gone. An extraordinary victory for people power in the Arab world.
  21. Algeria: January 14th, Mohsen Bouterfif self-immolates himself, frustrated with his inability to find a job.

  22. Mohsen Bouterfif died after setting himself on fire at a government building in #Algeria undefined
  23. Libya and Tunisia: January 14th, In a televised address, Gaddafi expresses his condemnation of the Tunisian uprising.

    Yemen: January 23, anti-government activist Tawakul Karman is arrested, leading to larger protest in Sana’a.

    Egypt: January 25th, known as “The Day of Revolt” marks the start of protests calling for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to step down. Protests begin in Cairo but spread to cities like Alexandria. Protesters organize on Facebook and Twitter. In an attempt to stem the flow of information and organization over social networks, the Egyptian government briefly throttles access to Twitter inside Egypt, but is unblocked the next day.

  24. Egypt’s ‘day of revolt’ inspired by unrest in Tunisia
  25. Lebanon: January 25th, protesters join “Day of Rage” against Hezbollah.
  26. Egypt: January 26th, access to Facebook is temporarily blocked. Tech savvy Egyptians use proxies like Tor to get around the block.
  27. After Blocking Twitter, Egypt Reportedly Starts Restricting Access To Facebook undefined by @robinwauters
  28. Egypt Blocks Facebook, Google – Anon Targets Egypt Govt undefined
  29. Egypt: January 27, Egypt blocks nearly all Internet access.
  30. It sure looks like nearly all of Egypt is offline – only their SS7 network seems to be working. #jan25 #egypt
  31. Complete Internet Blackout in Egypt undefined
  32. New analysis: #Egypt‘s Internet blackout “unprecedented in Internet history” undefined
  33. Groups such as Telecomix attempted to provide alternate means for people in Egypt to reach the outside world, with free dial-up services.
  34. We are now providing dialup modem service at +46850009990. user/pass: telecomix/telecomix (only for #egypt, respect that please!).Jan 28 via Telecomix MicrobloggingTelecomix
    telecomix

    Telecomix’s Twitter
  35. Yemen: January 27, largest protests to date calling for the ousting of President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
  36. Yemenis take to the streets calling for President Saleh to step down gu.com/p/2myj6/tw via @guardian #protests #Yemen
  37. Egypt: January 28th, the “Friday of Rage” begins, hundreds of thousands of Egyptians took to the streets across Egypt to protest, many in Giza, Alexandria, and Tahrir. Most of the Internet is shut down by the government just after midnight. Mobile phones networks were shut down as well, according to Vodaphone. Egyptian law scholar and diplomat Mohamed El Baradei joined protesters in Cairo, soon after he is put under house arrest.  In Suez, protesters took control of a police station, freeing prisoners. The National Democratic Headquarters in Cairo is set on fire. Mubarak appears on state television and announces he has fired his entire cabinet.
  38. Something changed today. This became a full blown uprising against Mubarak rule cutting across social divides #Cairo #Egypt #jan25
  39. President Obama on the phone with President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt in the Oval Office, VP Biden listens twitpic.com/3ubl1u
  40. Photo: A protester kisses a police officer during a demonstration in Cairo January 28, 2011. Police and demonstrators fought running battles on the streets of Cairo on Friday in a fourth day of unprecedented protests by tens of thousands of Egyptians demanding an end to Mubarak’s three-decade rule. (REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh)


  41. Egypt Day of Rage Protests: Friday, Jan 28th, the Turning Point
  42. 10’000 Egyptian protesters force police to retreat over bridge. 28TH jan 2011
  43. Jordan and Palestine: January 28th, thousands protest government corruption in Jordan while in Palestine protests erupt after leaked documents reveal concessions Palestinian negotiators were prepared to make in Israeli peace talks.

    Egypt: January 29th, Mubarak appoints his chief intelligence officer Omar Suleiman as vice president in a sign he may be setting up a succession plan. Mubarak’s sons flee to London.
  44. President Hosni Mubarak Speaks to His People- I’m Egyptian Also
  45. The head of Egyptian intelligence Omar Suleiman sworn in as Vice-President of the country. This is NOT change. The struggle will continue…
  46. Al Arabiya: Omar Suleiman has taken the oath as Vice President. (Mubarak has refused to appoint a VP for three decades) #Jan25
  47. Hosni Mubarak’s two sons Alaa and Gamal have arrived in London #Egypt #jan25
  48. Al Jazeera breaking: Protesters loudly condemn the appointment of Omar Suleiman as Vice President
  49. February
  50. Egypt: February 1st, Mubarak promises to step down after the next election but will remain in office for the time being to ease the transition. Opposition in Tahrir Square and elsewhere reject his offer and demand he leave office immediately.
  51. If #Mubarak announces that he won’t run again, that’s not nearly enough to placate the public. They want him out. Now.
  52. Obama says he told #Egypt‘s Mubarak transition must be orderly, peaceful and must begin now
  53. Egypt: February 2nd, tension rise in Tahrir Square as Mubarak supporters enter the square on horseback, beating protesters while Molotov cocktails rain down from surrounding buildings.
  54. Disturbing developments: Pro-Mubarak forces in Tahrir, some on horseback/camel, violent clashes: undefined #jan25 #Egypt
  55. Men on horseback ride through protest Bloody clash Tahrir Square Cairo Egypten 02 02 2011
  56. Yemen, February 2nd, “Day of Rage” thousands of protesters gather for anti-government demonstration in Sana’a calling for President Saleh to step down. In an attempt to quell growing protests, President Ali Abdullah Saleh vows to leave office in 2013 and promises his son will not succeed him. Demonstrators remain unsatisfied and demand he leave immediately.
  57. Thousands of pro government demonstrators near the Saleh Mosque, seems like the Saleh supporters have bigger numbers #Yemen #JR_Yemen #Feb3
  58. Protesters will continue with a planned “Day of Rage” march in #Yemen today saying Prez Saleh’s decision to not seek reelection’s not enough
  59. Egypt: February 4th, the “Day of Departure” sees the largest crowds in Tahrir Square to date, alleged to be hundreds of thousands.
  60. Tahrir is getting packed. Ppl streaming in. They are calling today “The day of departure” for Mubarak #Egypt
  61. “Day of Departure” – JustImage.org | Matthew Cassel

    Hundreds of thousands again came out to the “Day of “Departure” protest at Cairo’s Tahrir (Liberation) Square to call for the ouster of t…
  62. Egypt: February 8th, Wael Gohnim, a Google executive and Egyptian activist is released.
  63. Freedom is a bless that deserves fighting for it. #Jan25
  64. Huge relief–Wael Ghonim has been released. Our love to him and his family.
  65. Political activist Wael Ghonim is free
  66. Egypt: February 10th, in the United States, President Barack Obama calls for a clear path to democracy in Egypt.
  67. Egypt: February 11th, in a televised address, vice president Omar Suleiman announces that President Hosnai Mubarak will hand over power to the Egyptian military.
  68. FLASH: Egypt’s President Mubarak to transfer power as army chief to military -CNNFeb 10 via Seesmic twhirlReuters Top News
    Reuters

    Reuters Top News’s Twitter
  69. Hosni Mubarak Resigns as Egyptian President – Al Jazeera
  70. Celebration erupts in Cairo
  71. We got rid of Mubarak. Now it’s time to get rid of the Mubarak’s regime. Long live the Egyptian people. Long live the revolution. #Jan25
  72. Swiss government freezes potential Mubarak assets in Switzerland -Foreign Ministry spokesman undefined
  73. My aunt-who lives next to Mubarak- told me the guards started firing in celebration the moment he left. REVOLUTION! #JAN25
  74. Protesters celebrate in Cairo after Mubarak steps down undefined
  75. President Mubarak stepped down. People in Tahrir square are shouting “Egypt is free.” #Jan25
  76. Algeria: February 12th, inspired by the ability of the Egyptian people to force regime change, 2,000 protesters take to the streets and clash with police.
  77. Over the next week, pro-democracy demos are planned in Algeria, Libya, Bahrain and Morocco. Where does a reporter go?
  78. @monaeltahawy we must pray and SUPPORT the ppl of Algeria. The regime is brutally cracking down on them. #Algeria yalla!!!
  79. Kill switch redux RT @jpalfrey: Algeria shuts down internet and Facebooku as protest mounts – Telegraph telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews…
  80. Iran, Bahrain, Yemen, Palestine: February 14th, thousands of protesters defy orders not to protest in Tehran. 2 protesters are killed in violent clashes with police. In Ramallah, the Palestinian prime minister sacks his entire cabinet in an effort to appease protests.
  81. Bahrain: February 15th, the main opposition party resigns from parliament after the army fires on a funeral for a pro-democracy protester.
  82. Libya: February 17th, hundreds of protesters gather clash with police overnight in Benghazi
  83. Gaddafi moved troops over to Benghazi by plane last night. There are snipers on rooftops. Does not bode well #Feb17
  84. Al Jazeera confirms women & children among dead in #Benghazi massacre ordered by #Gaddafi. #Libya #Feb17
  85. Bahrain: February 17th, four demonstrators are killed in a morning raid on Pearl Square.

    Libya: February 18th, dozens of protesters are killed in clashes with security forces.
  86. “Massacre in Benghazi, Gaddafi is using missiles, killing libyans, help us, help us, help us ” alive.in/libya/2011/02/… via @alivein
  87. Breaking Al Jazeera: Reuters: Members of Libyan Army announce their split & the liberation of Benghazi from Gaddafi’s forces
  88. Hundreds of #Libyans are being rushed into #Tripoli Medical Center from Green Square with gunshot wounds to the head. #Libya #Feb17 #Gaddafi
  89. Libya: February 20th, Saif al-Islam goes on state TV to reaffirm his father’s power in Libya, stating that Libya is not “Egypt or Tunisia”
  90. 21.02.2011 SAIF AL ISLAM MUAMMER EL GADDAFI TALKING TO THE PEOPLE OF LYBIA AND THREATING THEM !
  91. Libya: February 21st, two Libyan air force pilots flee to Malta to avoid orders to bomb Libyan citizens.
  92. AJE showing pics of Libyan jets in Malta. Unclear why they’re there. #libya
  93. Mystery behind two Libyan jets landing in Malta now revealed: pilots asked for asylum. undefined (@boingboing)
  94. FLASH: Two Libyan pilots defect to Malta, say they had been ordered to bomb protesters -Maltese government sources
  95. Libya: February 22nd, Moammar Gaddafi goes on state TV urging his supporters to take to the streets to defend Libya.
  96. Muammar Gaddafi speech TRANSLATED (2011 Feb 22)
  97. Iraq: February 25th, six are killed in Iraq in protests against corruption and lack of government services or education.
  98. Yemen: February 25th, local media reports 100,000 anti-demonstrators gather across the nation
  99. 2 killed and 24 injured in Aden (the capital of southern #Yemen, formerly). The protests are gathering moment across the country.
  100. Crowds are deafening here at Sana’a university #yemen there must be over 30,000 people
  101. Four journalists detained in #Yemen, “dozens” in Iraq, according to @pressfreedom: undefined
  102. Jordan: February 25th, 5,000 gather in protest over the lack of an elected government

    Libya: February 25th, Gaddafi forces open fire on protesters in Tripoli
  103. FLASH: Egyptian workers fleeing Libya say anti-Gaddafi militias control town of Zuara, 120 km west of Tripoli
  104. Some friends reporting very loud explosions in #Tripoli now. #Libya
  105. الجيش يضرب المعتصمين ويسحلهم ويكهربهم عند مجلس الشعب
  106. Central Security Forces (yes they r back!) r now in Mansoura firing tear gas on protesters around the Security Directorate. #Jan25
  107. Libya: February 27th, anti-Gaddafi forces take Zawiyah, just 30 miles outside Libya’s capital.
  108. Reuters: Hundreds chant “this is our revolution!” in central Zawiyah, Libya as rebels seize control.
  109. Zawiyah rejoices as rebels take control 30 miles from Tripoli – video undefined
  110. Protests in Libya at Al-Zawiyah against Gaddafi ثورة 17 فبراير Feb 20, 2011 – 02
  111. Tunisia: February 27th, Tunisian prime minister Mohamed Ghannouchi resigns
  112. Another victory for #Tunisia revolutionaries who kicked off wave of uprisings across Arab World: PM Ghannouchi of Ben Ali regime resigns.
  113. March
  114. Libya: March 3rd, President Barack Obama announces that Gaddafi has “lost his legitimacy to lead”
  115. President Obama: ‘Gadhafi has lost legitimacy to lead and he must leave; those who perpetrate violence … will be held accountable’ – NBC
  116. Iraq: March 4th, inspired by Egypt and Tunisia, hundreds gather at Baghdad’s Liberation Square.
  117. Hundreds of people converged on Baghdad’s Liberation Square Friday for an anti-government demonstration despite … undefined
  118. Libya: March 5th, Gaddafi’s forces surround rebels in Zawiyah
  119. At least 30 civilians killed by pro-Gaddafi forces after attack on Zawiyah – Residents
  120. Doctor in Zawiyah tells CNN: “there is a river of blood” at the hospital where the injured are being treated.
  121. Saudi Arabia: March 6th, public protests are banned
  122. Tunisia: March 7, a Tunisian court disbands Ben Ali’s Constitutional Democratic Rally party.
  123. Interim authorities of #Tunisia today named a new government and disbanded the feared state security apparatus undefined
  124. Yemen: March 8th, 2,000 prison inmates stage a revolt, join protesters calling for Seleh to leave office.
  125. Yemen: March 9th, tear gas and rubber bullets are fired on students protesting at Sana’a University by government forces, wounding 98
  126. Al-Jazeera: 1 inmate has been killed, dozens injured at Sana’a prison, #Yemen, prisoners were calling for President Saleh to resign
  127. Sana’a shootings, March 8 2011
  128. Yemen: March 10th, President Saleh promises to create a parliamentary system of government.
  129. Activist: Yemenis won’t accept what Saleh said today-it “comes too late. Too many protesters have died” undefined #cnn #yemen #yf
  130. Saudi Arabia: March 11th, security forces amass in fear that protests in the middle east will spread to Saudi Arabia
  131. Libya: March 13th, an Al-Jazeera cameraman, Ali Hassan al-Jaber, is chased and shot dead by Gaddafi regime supporters
  132. Bahrain and Saudi Arabia: March 15th, martial law declared, 1,000 troops from Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states are invited in to help restore order
  133. Bahrain declares martial law, angry protesters demand Saudi troops leave country: undefined
  134. Algeria: March 15th, wages are increased by using oil revenue, in an attempt to quell further protests
  135. Palestine: March 15th, tens of thousands protest on the West Bank and Gaza to protest Israeli occupation
  136. Bahrain: March 17th, six opposition leaders are arrested and accused of contacting foreign agents
  137. Dr. Abduljalil AlSingace, Hassan Mushaima, AbdulWahhab Hussain, Shaikh Mohammed Habib AlMuqdad, and Ebrahim Shareef arrested #bahrain #feb14
  138. حسن مشيمع: الأمين العام لحركة حق الحركة المعارضة ذات الشعبية العالية في البحرين. من أبرز قيادات المعارضة في سنة ١٩٩٤. ‎اعتقل مرتين خلال انتفاضة ١٩٩٤، وفي سبتمبر ١٩٩٥. اعتقاله (مارس ١٩٩٥ – سبتمبر ١٩٩٥) (يناير ١٩٩٦ – فبراير ٢٠٠١) (فبراير ٢٠٠٧ – يوم واحد) (يناير ٢٠٠٩ – ابريل ٢٠٠٩) ‎جنبا إلى جنب مع ٥ غيره من زعماء المعارضة بما في ذلك ابراهيم شريف، ألقي القبض على حسن مشيمع بتهمة الاتصال مع “عملاء أجانب” bit.ly/eBdPBc Hasan Mushaima, the secretary-general of the opposition party Haq Movement and leading figure in the 1994 uprising in Bahrain. Mushaima was arrested twice during the 1994 uprising, and in Sept’ 1995. Imprisoned: (March ’95 – Sept ’95) (Jan ’96 till Feb ’01) (Feb ’07 for one day) (Jan ’09 – April ’09) Along with 5 other opposition leaders, Hasan Mushaima was arrested and “accused of having contacted “foreign agents” ” bit.ly/eR8Tjj
  139. Bahrain: March 18th, Pearl Roundabout, seen as a symbol of the pro-democracy movement in Bahrain, is destroyed
  140. The hub of #Bahrain‘s uprising has been destroyed. Pearl Roundabout now a mess of soil & debri. Flags, tents – & maybe legacy – gone.
  141. أزالة دوار مجلس التعاون
  142. Saudi Arabia: March 18th, Prince Abdalla promises sweeping reforms, a multi-billion pound package or pay raises, and creates 60,000 security forces jobs
  143. Libya: March 18th, UN backs no-fly zone
  144. Yemen: March 18th, 45 people are killed when government loyalists open fire on protesters
  145. Yemen in state of emergency after protest massacre reut.rs/eELLG0
  146. Dozens killed in Yemen protest shooting

    Reuters.com brings you the latest news from around the world, covering breaking news in business, politics, entertainment, technology, an…
  147. Horrific scenes today at Sanaa uni. today. Lost count of the amount of injured with gunshot wounds tens dead and expect to rise. #yemen
  148. As u follow crucial hours in #Libya, keep eye out on #Syria too. If anyone in region will try 2 outdo #Gaddafi‘s butchery, it’ll be Assad
  149. Syria: March 19th, security forces kill at least five protesters
  150. Syrian Protests inside Omayad Mosque in Damascus on 18th March 2011 p3
  151. Confirmed: Protesters are removing #Assad picture in #Deraa main square. Sound of heavy fires right now #Syria #mar15 #Deraa
  152. Let’s not forget whats happening in Syria amidst everything else in region. Assad more entrenched than any of those already fallen/teetering
  153. Libya: March 19th, Operation Odyssey Dawn begins, the largest western military operation against an Arab regime since the invasion of Iraq. Britan, France and the United States perform air assaults. 110 Tomahawk missiles are fired at key pro-Gaddafi defenses.
  154. The Pentagon is calling U.S. ops against Libya “Operation Odyssey Dawn.” #Libya
  155. One of the first photos that Navy has released of ship based launches from Operation Odyssey Dawn. #Libya
  156. 110319-N-XO436-001.mp4
  157. Morroco: March 20th, thousands march to protest broken reform pledges made by King Mohamed
  158. Yemen: March 20th, Yemen president fires his cabinet following the killing of 52 protesters by government loyalist snipers, thousands attend their funeral in Sana’a
  159. moment of guy in yemen got hit by sniper caught on tape
  160. Egypt: March 21st, Egyptians vote on reforms, 77% of them approve of changes that will be the blueprint for presidential elections to be held in six months.
  161. Libya: March 21st, Gaddafi’s compound is attacked and partially destroyed during air strikes.
  162. Reporting from Gaddafi compound in Libya, @NicRobertsonCNN tells CNN that the roof was destroyed by missile fire. Many loyalist remain there
  163. AFP: 19 US planes, including three B2 stealth bombers, took part in a dawn raid Sunday on targets in Libya – US Africa Command
  164. FLASH: About 1,000 people rally in streets of Tel, town near Damascus, in support of Deraa, denounce Assad’s relatives – witnesses
  165. Syria: March 27th, Police open fire on anti-government protesters in the port city of Latakia.
  166. FLASH: Syria official source: 12 killed in Latakia clashes, including security forces, civilians and “armed elements” over two days-SANA
  167. FLASH: Assad adviser Bouthaina Shaaban tells Jazeera English television Syria emergency law will be lifted, does not give timetable
  168. Video from Homs, #Syria: two protesters find a giant poster of President Assad, torch it, then drive away fast. undefined
  169. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad accepts resignation of entire cabinet amid ongoing unrest
  170. Syria: March 30th, human rights activists estimate 150 people killed over the last 11 days at the hands of President Assad’s forces. Assad blames the deaths on conspirators, and declares Syria the object of a ‘worldwide conspiracy’
  171. Syrian President ignore real problem, ‘snubs’ protesters in today’s speech undefined #syria #assad
  172. Syrian President Assad says Syria is the object of a ‘worldwide conspiracy’; expresses regret for deaths during violent protests
  173. Syria’s Assad does not lift emergency law undefined
  174. Syrian reaction to Assad’s speech
  175. April
  176. Yemen: April 4th, security forces open fire on protesters in the southern city of Taiz, killing at least 12.
  177. Yemen’s Saleh again signals he’s staying put reut.rs/eKMCBx
  178. Ali Abdallah Saleh loses it. | Al Jazeera: 750 people injured after gunfire shots & teargas was used against protesters in Taiz, #Yemen.
  179. SAS is standing by to rescue British citizens from #Yemen amid speculation regime of Pres. Saleh is about to fall: undefined
  180. YEMEN – A Taiz i manifestanti colpiti brutalmente dalle forze di sicurezza di Ali Abdullah Saleh.
  181. Libya: April 15th, President Obama, UK Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy sign a joint document pledging to continue military action until Gaddafi is removed.
  182. Syria: April 16th, in its largest concession to date, the Syrian government approves the lifting lift emergency rule after 48 years. Unswayed, protests continue as anti-government demonstrators continue to call for Assad’s removal.
  183. On Sat #syria president promised reforms & lifting of emergency law w/in week, on Sun reports of clashes & more deaths.
  184. Syria: April 18th, Syrian forces shot dead eight protesters overnight in Homs in clashes after the death of a tribal leader in custody, a rights campaigner in the central city said on Monday.
  185. Syria, Homs ||Secret Police shooting peaceful protesters
  186. Syria: April 22nd, security forces crack down hard across multiple towns across Syria in the deadliest single day to date, reported to leave up to 88 dead, including some children.
  187. this has been a day of such horrendous monstrosity in #Syria, children as young as 7 shot dead. What unspeakable evil could do this?
  188. Libya: April 28th, friendly fire from UN kills 12 rebel fighters in Misrata
  189. May
  190. Egypt: Tunisia, Libya: May 3rd, the Swiss government freezes the assets of Muammar Gaddafi, as well as the former President of Egypt, Hosnai Mubarak and Tunisia’s Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
  191. Syria: May 9th, the European Union imposes a arms embargo along with other sanctions on the Syrian government to 13 top figures but leaves President Assad untouched.
  192. Spain: May 17th, massive protests ahead of upcoming elections in Madrid in response to high unemployment and calling for income equality .
  193. Vista aérea de la concentración en Sol 17M
  194. In case anyone hasn’t noticed, there’s a revolution on in Spain. Tens of thousands camping in the streets. Not a single prominent story.
  195. June
  196. Greece: June 15th, riots break out in Athens over austerity measures, as Standard & Poor’s downgraded the country’s credit rating by three notches to CCC from B, the lowest of any country in the world.
  197. Riots in Greece over austerity cuts
  198. Libya: June 17th, the ICC issues arrest warrants for Saif al-Islam Gaddafi and Muammar Gaddafi
  199. July
  200. Bahrain: July 2nd, reconciliation talks open between Sunni and Shia in Manama, following four straight months of protests.
  201. Heavy clashes on budaya highway at sanabis as #feb 14 youth deliver verdict on bahrain dialogue; at least 3 minor injuries.
  202. Bahrain ‘national dialogue’ begins with al-Wefaq on board, but only 35 of 300 seats are for opposition undefined #bahrain
  203. United States, July 4th and 14th: Ad Busters posts the first mention of #OccupyWallStreet on Twitter on July 4th, goes quiet and then post “What is your one demand” on July 14th. Social Flow examines how the #OccupyWallStreet and #OWS tags trended from that point forward, helping to organize and drive the movement offline.
  204. Can we get 20,000 people to barricade Wall Street until their demand for real democracy is met? undefined #occupywallstreet
  205. Our government must choose between the will of the people and the lucre of the corporations. undefined #OCCUPYWALLSTREET
  206. #OccupyWallStreet: origin and spread visualized | SocialFlow Blog

    Last week we published an analysis on the usage of hashtags around the #OccupyWallStreet movement on Twitter, why some phrases reach Twit…
  207. August
  208. Egypt: August 1st, Egypt’s army retakes Tahrir Square which
  209. Egyptian tanks clearing Tahrir protesters
  210. United Kingdom: August 4th through 9th, riots sparked over a man named Mark Duggan, shot and killed by police.
  211. A social media timeline of the London riots | Anthony DeRosa

    A social media timeline of events from the beginning to end of the London riots.
  212. London Riots: BlackBerry Messenger Used More than Facebook or Twitter

    As the riots in London look set to continue for a third night – and to spread to other parts of the UK – details are starting to emerge o…
  213. September
  214. United States: September 17th, Occupy Wall Street begins encampment at Zuccotti Park
  215. x2_851f325
  216. Wow, impressed with the size of the crowd at #occupywallstreet general assembly lockerz.com/s/139588389
  217. United Kingdom: September 26th, British government bans protest marches in six boroughs for the next month.
  218. UK marching banned — Govt calls the tune
  219. October
  220. United Kingdom: October 15th, Occupy movement stages protest at the London stock exchange. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange appears and speaks to the crowd.
  221. Julian Assange Speech Occupy London Stock Exchange October 15 2011
  222. Capitalism is crisis. #occupylsx
  223. Libya: October 20th, Gaddafi’s envoy is intercepted and attacked by U.S. drones in Sirte. Gaddafi leaves his envoy during the attack and attempts to hide in a sewer pipe before he is removed, beaten and ultimately killed by rebels.
  224. FLASH: Muammar Gaddafi captured and wounded in both legs – NTC official Abdel Majid
  225. FLASH: Libya’s Gaddafi dies of wounds suffered in capture near Sirte – senior NTC military official
  226. Libyan PM says Gaddafi died a few minutes before reaching hospital
  227. (18+) Al Jazeera: Muammar Gaddafi dead – video
  228. November
  229. Libya: November 20th, Muammar Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi is captured.
  230. Fantastic exclusive nicely written on the capture of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi. Big props to Marie-Louise Gumuchian. tinyurl.com/7x9q7gv
  231. Exclusive: The capture of Gaddafi’s son

    OBARI, Libya | Sun Nov 20, 2011 3:57pm EST OBARI, Libya (Reuters) – The chic black sweater and jeans were gone. So too the combat khaki T…
  232. For a first hand account of the transport of Saif al Islam Gaddafi, check the timeline of our Reuters correspondent @Reuters_MLGum
  233. Saif says:’I’m staying here. They’ll empty their guns into me the second I go out there. This was when hundreds were outside plane.’
  234. When men on plane lit up cigarettes, Saif said:’the plane is sealed and we’ll suffocate. We’re going to choke to death.’
  235. Another Saif soundbite from this recording:’if i knew this was what would happen, I should have rammed my head through the window’.
  236. December
  237. Russia: December 10th, anger over the results of parliamentary elections spills out into the streets as people demand a rerun of the win by Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party.
  238. Сегодняшний митинг с вертолета (еще фото тут: bit.ly/ulmPyo)
  239. And this girl is actually using her iPad as a poster – first I’ve seen #dec10 #middleclassrevolt #occupytheapplestore pic.twitter.com/x3Z2sNxI
  240. I saw at least one remote-control photo-copter flying around RT “@Hamitik: @aavst Лучшее фото twitpic.com/7rf686
  241. Putin protesters outnumber Lenin mourners (1924)? Dmitry Moiseenko Foto:’Swindlers & thieves give our election back’ http://pic.twitter.com/20l2yB3h
  242. The year is not yet over. What will the final days of 2011 bring?

    Stay tuned, we’ll update as events occur.

    http://blogs.reuters.com/anthony-derosa/2011/12/15/a-2011-timeline-of-protest-revolution-and-uprising/
    ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

    The 2011 Wisconsin protests were a series of demonstrations in the state of Wisconsin in the United States beginning in February involving at its zenith as many as 100,000 protestors[7] opposing the 2011 Wisconsin Act 10, also called the “Wisconsin budget repair bill.” Subsequently, anti-tax activists and other conservatives, including tea party advocates, launched small pockets of counter protests.[8] The protests centered around the Wisconsin State Capitol in Madison, with satellite protests also occurring at other municipalities throughout the state.[9][10] Demonstrations took place at various college campuses, including the University of Wisconsin–Madison[11] and the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.[12] After the collective bargaining bill was upheld by the Wisconsin Supreme Court on June 14,[13] the number of protesters declined to about 1,000 within a couple days.[14]

    The protests were a major driving force of multiple recall elections including state senators in 2011 and 2012, Governor Scott Walker in 2012 and a contentious Wisconsin Supreme Court election in 2011.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Wisconsin_protests

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/62/Gov_Walker_Protests1_JR.jpg/448px-Gov_Walker_Protests1_JR.jpg

    The Spanish Indignados movement began in mid-May 2011, with camps at Madrid and elsewhere. According to sociologist Manuel Castells, by the end of the month there were already hundreds of camps around Spain and across the world.[33] For some journalists and commentators the camping in Spain marked the start of the global occupy movement, though it is much more commonly said to have begun in New York during September.[34][35]

    On 30 May 2011, a leader of the Indignados, inspired by the Arab Spring, 5.18 Movement of 1980, and June Democracy Movement of 1987[36][37] called for a worldwide protest on 15 October.[38] In mid-2011, the Canadian-based group Adbusters Media Foundation, best known for its advertisement-free anti-consumerist magazine Adbusters, proposed a peaceful occupation of Wall Street to protest corporate influence on democracy, address a growing disparity in wealth, and the absence of legal repercussions behind the recent global financial crisis.[39] Adbusters co-founder Kalle Lasn registered the OccupyWallStreet.org web address on 9 June.[40] According to the senior editor of the magazine, “[they] basically floated the idea in mid-July into our [email list] and it was spontaneously taken up by all the people of the world, it just kind of snowballed from there.”[39] One of the inspirations for the movement was the Democracy Village set up in 2010, outside the British Parliament in London. The protest received additional attention when the internet hacker group Anonymous encouraged its followers to take part in the protests, calling protesters to “flood lower Manhattan, set up tents, kitchens, peaceful barricades and Occupy Wall Street”.[25][41][42][43] They promoted the protest with a poster featuring a dancer atop Wall Street’s iconic Charging Bull.[44][45] The first protest was held at Zuccotti Park in New York City on 17 September 2011,[46] the tenth anniversary of the re-opening of Wall Street trading after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The protests were preceded by a similar Occupy Dataran movement in Kuala Lumpur in July, seven weeks before Occupy Wall Street.[47][48][49][50]

     

    The Spanish Indignados movement began in mid-May 2011, with camps at Madrid and elsewhere. According to sociologist Manuel Castells, by the end of the month there were already hundreds of camps around Spain and across the world.[33] For some journalists and commentators the camping in Spain marked the start of the global occupy movement, though it is much more commonly said to have begun in New York during September.[34][35]

    On 30 May 2011, a leader of the Indignados, inspired by the Arab Spring, 5.18 Movement of 1980, and June Democracy Movement of 1987[36][37] called for a worldwide protest on 15 October.[38] In mid-2011, the Canadian-based group Adbusters Media Foundation, best known for its advertisement-free anti-consumerist magazine Adbusters, proposed a peaceful occupation of Wall Street to protest corporate influence on democracy, address a growing disparity in wealth, and the absence of legal repercussions behind the recent global financial crisis.[39] Adbusters co-founder Kalle Lasn registered the OccupyWallStreet.org web address on 9 June.[40] According to the senior editor of the magazine, “[they] basically floated the idea in mid-July into our [email list] and it was spontaneously taken up by all the people of the world, it just kind of snowballed from there.”[39] One of the inspirations for the movement was the Democracy Village set up in 2010, outside the British Parliament in London. The protest received additional attention when the internet hacker group Anonymous encouraged its followers to take part in the protests, calling protesters to “flood lower Manhattan, set up tents, kitchens, peaceful barricades and Occupy Wall Street”.[25][41][42][43] They promoted the protest with a poster featuring a dancer atop Wall Street’s iconic Charging Bull.[44][45] The first protest was held at Zuccotti Park in New York City on 17 September 2011,[46] the tenth anniversary of the re-opening of Wall Street trading after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The protests were preceded by a similar Occupy Dataran movement in Kuala Lumpur in July, seven weeks before Occupy Wall Street.[47][48][49][50]

          Protests in 1–4 cities       Protests in 5–9 cities       Protests in 10 or more cities
    Activists have used web technologies and social media like IRC, Facebook, Twitter, and Meetup to coordinate events.[80] Indymedia have been helping the movement with communications, saying there have been conference calls on Skype with participants from up to 80 locations.
    The Occupy movement protests began on 17 September 2011.[119][120] On 9 October 2011, activists in cities in over 25 countries repeated calls for a global protest on 15 October.[80][88][121] A list of events for 15 October included 951 cities in 82 countries.[122] On 15 October events were held in many cities worldwide.[123]

    17 September 2011 to 14 October

    On 17 September 2011, 1,000 protesters gathered in downtown Manhattan walking up and down Wall Street. About 100 to 200 people stayed overnight in Zucotti Park, two blocks north of Wall Street. By 19 September, seven people had been arrested.[124]

    At least 80 arrests were made on 24 September after protesters started marching uptown and forcing the closure of several streets. Most of the 80 arrests were for blocking traffic, though some were also charged with disorderly conduct and resisting arrest. Police officers also used a technique called kettling which involves using orange nets to isolate protesters into smaller groups.[125]

    Videos which showed several penned-in female demonstrators being hit with pepper spray by a police official were widely disseminated, sparking controversy. That police official, later identified as Deputy Inspector Anthony Bologna, was shown in other videos hitting a photographer with a burst of spray.

    Protesters rallying near New York police headquarters, St. Andrew’s Church in the background.

    Public attention to the pepper-sprayings resulted in a spike of news media coverage, a pattern that was to be repeated in the coming weeks following confrontations with police. Clyde Haberman, writing in The New York Times, said that “If the Occupy Wall Street protesters ever choose to recognize a person who gave their cause its biggest boost, they may want to pay tribute to Anthony Bologna,” calling the event “vital” for the still nascent movement.[126]

    On 1 October 2011, protesters set out to march across the Brooklyn Bridge. The New York Times reported that more than 700 arrests were made. Some said the police had tricked protesters, allowing them onto the bridge, and even escorting them partway across. Jesse A. Myerson, a media coordinator for Occupy Wall Street said, “The cops watched and did nothing, indeed, seemed to guide us onto the roadway.” A spokesman for the New York Police Department, Paul Browne, said that protesters were given multiple warnings to stay on the sidewalk and not block the street, and were arrested when they refused.[127] On 4 October, a group of protesters who were arrested on the bridge filed a lawsuit against the city, alleging that officers had violated their constitutional rights by luring them into a trap and then arresting them.[128] In June 2012, the incident was found to be the fault of the New York Police Department rather than the protesters.[129] The judge ruled that the protesters had not received sufficient warning of arrest pending entrance onto the Brooklyn Bridge. While the police had claimed that the protesters had received adequate warning, after reviewing video evidence, Judge Jed S. Rakoff sided with protesters, saying, “a reasonable officer in the noisy environment defendants occupied would have known that a single bull horn could not reasonably communicate a message to 700 demonstrators”.[129] On 5 October, joined by union members, students, and the unemployed, the demonstration swelled to the largest yet with an estimated 15,000 marchers joining the protest. Smaller protests continued in cities and on college campuses across the country. Thousands of union workers joined protesters marching through the Financial District. The march was mostly peaceful—until after nightfall, when scuffles erupted. About 200 protesters tried to storm barricades blocking them from Wall Street and the Stock Exchange. Police responded with pepper spray and penned the protesters in with orange netting.

    Inspired by Occupy Wall Street, British protesters organized an occupation of the London Stock Exchange to bring attention to what they saw as unethical behavior on the part of banks. One of the organizers of the protest said the protests were to be focused against “increasing social and economic injustice in this country.” In his opinion, “the Government has made sure to maintain the status quo and let the people who caused this crisis get off scot-free, whilst conversely ensuring that the people of this country pay the price, in particular those most vulnerable.”[130][131][132]

    15 October to 4 November

    A crowd of protestors in Congress Square, Ljubljana, Slovenia on 15 October 2011.

    On 15 October 2011 global protests were staged around the world, with thousands of protesters staging demonstrations in 900 cities including Auckland, Sydney, Hong Kong, Taipei, Tokyo, São Paulo, Paris, Madrid, Berlin, Hamburg, Leipzig, and many other cities. In Frankfurt, 5,000 people protested at the European Central Bank and in Zurich, Switzerland’s financial hub, protesters carried banners reading “We won’t bail you out yet again” and “We are the 99 percent.” Protests were largely peaceful, however a protest in Rome that drew thousands turned violent.[133] Thousands of Occupy Wall Street protesters gathered in Times Square in New York City and rallied for several hours.[134][135] Several hundred protesters were arrested across the U.S., mostly for refusing to obey police orders to leave public areas. In Chicago there were 175 arrests, about 100 arrests in Arizona (53 in Tucson, 46 in Phoenix), and more than 70 in New York City, including at least 40 in Times Square.[136] Multiple arrests were reported in Chicago, and about 150 people camped out by city hall in Minneapolis.[137]

    In the early morning hours of 25 October, police cleared and closed an Occupy Oakland encampment in Frank Ogawa Plaza in Oakland, California.[138][139] The raid was chaotic and violent, but Oakland Police Chief Howard Jordan expressed his pleasure concerning the operation because neither the police nor the public suffered any injuries.[140][141] A street march that afternoon protesting the closure culminated in a confrontation between police and protesters, who sought to re-establish the Ogawa Plaza encampment. During this confrontation, protester Scott Olsen, a former Marine and Iraq War veteran, suffered a skull fracture caused by a tear-gas projectile or smoke canister fired by police.[141][142]

    By 29 October 2011, there were around 2,300 Occupy protest camps across around 2,000 cities worldwide.[143]

    On 2 November, protesters in Oakland, California shut down the Port of Oakland, the fifth busiest port in the nation. Police estimated that about 3,000 demonstrators were gathered at the port and 4,500 had marched across the city, however a member of the Occupy movement was quoted by the BBC as estimating as many as 30,000 may have taken part.[144]

    5 to 25 November

    The UC Davis pepper-spray incident received worldwide news coverage (this example from Russia-based global news broadcaster RT)

    On 5 November, protesters held “Bank Transfer Day”, marching on banks and other financial institutions to urge Americans to move their money from big corporate banks to smaller community credit unions. It was reported that an estimated 600,000 people took their money out of major banks.[145]

    On 11 November, Remembrance Day in Canada, police forcibly removed tents from Victoria Park in Halifax, Nova Scotia and arrested 15 protestors.[146] On the night of 14 November, a coordinated crackdown was undertaken by authorities around the world, with several camps being forcibly cleared including Zuccotti Park in New York, Oakland,[147] Oregon,[148] Denver and Zurich. For some of the other camps such as the one at St Pauls in London, no physical action was taken, but on 15 November authorities stepped up legal action to gain authorization for a forcible eviction. Financial Times editor Richard Lambert suggested that the shift to confrontational tactics by authorities would be more likely to spur on the movement rather than cause it to disband.[17][18][149] However, John Gapper, chief business commentator at the FT, offered a different view. Gapper said that it may be advantageous that the camps were being closed down, as they were beginning to alienate even members of the public who were initially fully sympathetic with the movement.[150]

    During demonstration at UC Davis on 18 November 2011, campus police Lieutenant John Pike used pepper spray on seated students.[151] The incident drew national attention and led to further demonstrations, petitions, and calls for Chancellor Linda P.B. Katehi to resign. (See: UC Davis pepper-spray incident)[152][153][154] On 22 November, occupiers mic checked President Obama to draw his attention to the treatment they had received from the police, including thousands of arrests.[155]

    26 November to 31 December

    Green party leader Caroline Lucas discussing green economics with occupiers at London’s Bank of Ideas on 6 December 2011

    By December, occupiers had begun to divert their energies beyond protest camps and a narrow focus on the banks, instead seeking to engage further with mainstream politics and joining forces with established activist groups to support causes broadly compatible with the interests of “the 99%”. Interviewing one of the informal leaders of the movement, Financial Times journalist Shannon Bond found that issues of concern included: “the unemployment rate, household debt, student debt, the lack of prospects for people graduating from college and foreclosures.”[156] In the U.S., Occupy Homes joined with other existing human rights activists groups and began to occupy foreclosed homes, disrupt bank auctions, and block evictions.[83] On 22 December The Washington Post reported that some of the cities which had forcefully disbanded occupy camps were now facing legal challenges.[157]

    1 January 2012 to present

    On 2 January 2012, Occupy Nigeria began, sparked by Nigeria’s President Jonathan announcing the ending of fuel subsidies in the country. There was support from the global movement, but most of the activity took place in Nigeria itself, with a report from CSM saying strikes were effectively shutting down whole cities. On 16 January President Jonathan responded by announcing he would bring prices back down by partially restoring the fuel subsidy.[158]

    While students have been involved with Occupy since its inception, early 2012 has seen increasing formal interaction between the Occupy movement and academia. In the U.S., universities including Columbia and Roosevelt have begun offering courses about the movement, in the case of Columbia the course includes field work where students join in with Occupy activities. In Great Britain, Occupy’s outwork teams are planning school visits to give talks about the movement and related issues.[159][160][161]

    On 23 January, EGT LLC (Export Grain Terminal) and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) reached a tentative agreement, mediated by Washington state governor Christine Gregoire.[162][163] The agreement resolved a year-long dispute, paving the way for ILWU Local 21 workers to work inside the $200 million grain terminal at the Port of Longview in southwest Washington state. This came after “Occupy the Ports” protests which shut down multiple ports on the west coast of the United States on 12 December. The goals of those protests included support of longshoremen and truckers in disputes with EGT and terminal operator SSA Marine (partially owned by Goldman Sachs).[164]

    A worldwide poll conducted in January 2012 found that only one third (37%) of respondents were familiar with the movement. Of the respondents who were aware of the movement, supporters of the movement outweighed those in opposition two to one.[165]

    In late January, Occupy protested at the World Economic Forum.[166][167] On 17 March, Occupy Wall Street attempted to mark six months of the movement, by reoccupying Zuccotti Park, the location of the first Occupy camp. Protestors were soon cleared away by police, who made over 70 arrests.[168] On 1 May, the Occupy movement marked a resurgence with a May Day general strike that took place in cities across the U.S., including New York, Washington D.C., Chicago, and Los Angeles.[169] This included a revival of the Free University of New York[170] On the weekend of 15 and 16 September, members of the Occupy movement gathered in Union Square, with Direct action training on the 15th and a celebration of the movement on the 16th. On 17 September the Occupy movement celebrated its first anniversary with several marches and general assemblies which were attended by thousands of protesters.[citation needed]

    Occupy Portland Prayer Vigil, Nov. 2012.jpg

    One US occupation still continues: on December 1, 2011, evicted activists from the Occupy Portland camp set up a table on the plaza of Portland’s City Hall and lit a candle, igniting the 24/7 Prayer Vigil to Lift the Camping Ban, referring to the city’s anti-“camping” ordinances that were cited during the eviction.[171] The activists say that the laws, which prohibit the use of “bedding, sleeping bags, or other sleeping matter,”[172] are immoral and that they’re obligated to challenge them. The occupiers claim that sleep is a fundamental human right; that it is essential for mental, physical and emotional health, adding that human beings spend close to a third of their lives sleeping. They argue that prohibiting sleep by making it illegal for people to protect themselves and their belongings from the elements causes sleep deprivation; that it is inhumane unconstitutional and amounts to torture.[173][174][175] The activists say that the prayer vigil will stay on the plaza until bedding matter is again legal. The vigil has been staffed around the clock for over a year and a candle continues to burn.[176] Facebook group of the Vigil to Lift the Camping Ban.

    The Occupy movement is now more a global collection of groups working toward similar goals under the Occupy name than an effort to occupy physical spaces. These groups include Occupy Sandy which has provided needed relief to the New York Area since Hurricane Sandy hit,[177] Occupy London’s Occupy Economics group that hosted, and was praised by the Bank of England’s Executive Director for Financial Stability,[178] Occupy the SEC which monitors US financial regulatory matters [179] and Strike Debt [180] which is raising money to retire defaulted debt.[181] There are numerous non-listed groups and actions.

    In the words of a Forbes Magazine blog: “But this is a protest movement of techno-competent, administratively well-informed, thinkers, do-ers and creators who know the system well and have levers in it. The changes that we need to see happen will come about because of them and what they are capable of, not because of what they object to.”[182]

    Protests

    Armenia

    Mashtots Park activists protesting in front of the city hall of Yerevan, Armenia

    On 20 February 2012[183] near Margaryan Maternity Clinic, where kiosks were being built by the city authorities. The place of protests was promptly dubbed “Mashtots park” – a name under which it is now widely known by the Armenian society now.
    The protesters faced police violence as with many other “Occupy” movements, a report was filed to the ombudsman of RA on account of the destruction of a tent with a sleeping protester inside.[184] “Occupy” demonstrations are still continuing in Mashtots park, and the leader of the Greens party Armenak Dovlatyan has named it the most successful civic action in the history of the Republic of Armenia.[185]

    Australia

    The Occupy Sydney camp in February 2012

    “Occupy” demonstrations took place in Canberra, Wollongong,[186] Perth,[187] Sydney,[188] Brisbane,[189] Adelaide[190] and Melbourne,[191] as well as smaller towns around the country. At the Occupy Melbourne protest on 21 October 2011, approximately 150 protesters defied police orders to clear the area, and were subsequently removed with force. 95 arrests were made and 43 reports of police violence were filed.[192] Occupiers returned the following day in a walk against police violence, re-occupying multiple sites since. Occupy Sydney has continued an ongoing occupation since their initial police eviction, marking 6 months on 15 April.[193]

    Belgium

    Occupy Ghent, the text says “save us, not the bank!”

    In Brussels a large Occupy demonstration took place on 15 October involving between 6,500 and 8,000 participants. The protest was largely peaceful, although seven people were arrested following vandalisation of the Dexia bank headquarters and financial tower.[194] The Occupy Antwerp (Antwerpen) movement had its first gathering on Saturday 22 October at the Groenplaats, next to the cathedral. About 150–200 people attended a speakers corner. The left-wing socialist party (PVDA) was present and served free soup as well as information about its proposed “milionaires’ tax”.

    To date, there have been four Occupy protests in Leuven. Three took place on the Grand Market in the centre of the city and one took place at a building of the city’s Catholic university. The number of protesters in these rallies varied from 100 to 250. These protests have not included prolonged camping, but the protesters say that it is a possibility in the future.[195][196]

    Occupy Ghent (Gent) began on 29 October with 400 people in the South Park (Zuidpark). They received a visit by supporters attending the “second day of Socialism” (de Tweede Dag van het Socialisme), also held in Ghent on the same day.[197]

    Canada

    An Occupy Montreal demonstration on 15 October 2011

    Main article: Occupy Canada

    Occupy protests have taken place in at least 20 Canadian cities since 15 October 2011. On that day, 5,000 people gathered in Vancouver to protest social injustice, while 150 stayed the night in front of the Vancouver Art Gallery.[198][199] 2,000 people marched in Toronto on 15 October and around 100 continued to occupy St James Park,[200][201] and 1,000 gathered in Montreal to march down Ste-Catherine Street; 85 tents were set up in Victoria square.[202] Beginning on 23 October 2011 approximately 40 people occupied Memorial Park on Minto Street in downtown Sudbury and still continue to do so.[203] On October 20, 2011, over 100 people occupied the front of City Hall in Prince George British Columbia.[204]

    Events have been concentrated in provincial urban areas, and there have yet to be any demonstrations in the territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, or Nunavut.[117][205] A relatively small group of occupiers successfully occupied Harbourside Park in St John’s Newfoundland for the entire 2012 Winter season. This site, known also as “King’s Beach” is symbolically significant as the birthplace of the British Empire, and the encampment is seen by some protesters to represent an occupation of colonialism vis-a-vis its birth site.

    There are currently a number of court proceedings across Canada on whether or not the eviction of protestors and violence from police is an infringement of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[206]

    Colombia

    Around 800 student protestors began occupying universities across Colombia on 12 November.[207]

    Czech Republic

    On 28 April 2012 a week after demonstration of unions and civic associations (more than hundred thousand protesters)[208] the camp “Occupy Klárov” in Prague was started.[209] Pirate Party participated in the occupation.[210] Police dissolved the camp a month later[211]

    Cyprus

    Tents at the Occupy Buffer Zone camp in Nicosia

    Main article: Occupy Buffer Zone

    On 19 November 2011 protesters started the “No Borders Camp” Or “Occupy Buffer Zone”, a permanent occupation of the United Nations controlled buffer zone in the centre of the capital, Nicosia, demanding an end to the decades-long division of the Island.[212] The movement used the Twitter hashtag “OccupyBufferZ”. By June 2012 the occupation of the buffer zone was essentially over.

    Denmark

    On 15 October 2011, 2,000 protesters showed up on the square in front of the city hall of Copenhagen, protesting in sympathy with OWS. Immediately after the demonstration an “Occupy Copenhagen” camp was established. The camp, internally nicknamed “Plaza One Love”, lived through harsh climate conditions and a couple of eviction attempts for two months, until it was torn down by the Municipality of Copenhagen and Danish police, on 21 December. The movement has shifted to a mobile camp tactic, and still holds GA every Wednesday and other activities throughout the week.[213]

    France

    Some 300 protesters started occupying Paris‘s financial district, La Défense, on 4 November 2011.[214] Since then, their camp has been torn down by several police forces. According to French protestors, relations with the police have varied considerably. Some police joined them for coffee and friendly discussion, but otherwise were hostile and confiscated blankets and food, leaving protesters sleeping in the cold outdoors without protection. On 11 November, following a call made on social networks, some 400 additional people joined the occupation.[215] Occupy protests have also begun at Nantes, Lyon, Grenoble, Marseille,[216] Perpignan and more than 50 cities.[217]

    Germany

    Occupy Berlin protests on 15 October 2011, pictured in front of the Reichstag

    See also: Occupy Berlin

    The Occupy movement began in Germany on 15 October 2011 with protests in Berlin – focused outside the ReichstagFrankfurt and Hamburg. Occupy Frankfurt subsequently took residence in front of the European Central Bank, and Occupy Berlin established a protest camp at St. Mary’s Church.[218] On 12 November major Occupy protests took place in Berlin and Frankfurt.[219][220] Police reported that around 9,000 people peacefully protested near the headquarters of the European Central Bank, and that “several thousand” people took to the streets of Berlin; organisers of the protests claimed that turnout was around 8,000 in Berlin and 10,000 in Frankfurt.[219][220]

    Hong Kong

    See also: Occupy Central

    The Occupy movement in Hong Kong, named ‘Occupy Central’, began on 15 October 2011 with protesters occupying the plaza beneath the HSBC Main Building in Central, an iconic landmark of the territory’s central business district.[221][222] Despite the fact that the protesters were peaceful, HSBC filed a lawsuit for their eviction. On 13 August 2012, the High Court ruled that the protesters must leave the occupied area. On 11 September 2012, the protesters were evicted from the plaza by court bailiffs, ending one of the world’s longest continuously occupied Occupy protest camps.

    Italy

    On 15 October 2011, about 200,000 people[223] gathered in Rome to protest against economic inequality and the influence of the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund on government.[224] Many other protests occurred in other Italian cities the same day.[225]

    In Rome masked and hooded militants wearing makeshift body armor, in black bloc fashion, participated in the protests centered in St John Lateran square and committed numerous violent acts, throwing Molotov cocktails and other homemade explosives, burning and blowing up cars, burning buildings, and smashing up property such as ATMs and shop windows.[65] The Roman Catholic church Santi Marcellino e Pietro al Laterano received extensive damage, including a statue of the Virgin Mary being thrown into the street and destroyed.[65] Several unexploded petrol bombs were reportedly found on several streets by Italian police.[65] Over 1,000,000 euros of damage (equivalent to over 1.3 million dollars) was recorded.[65] At least 135 people were injured in the resulting clashes, including 105 police officers, several of whom were left in critical condition,[226] and two news crews from Sky Italia.[65][227] Two protesters had their fingers amputated by exploding smoke bombs.[65] Almost 20 people have been arrested in connection with the violence.[65]

    After the 15 October demonstration, peaceful people occupied the Santa Croce in Gerusalemme square and started camping as in other cities worldwide. The name of this Rome’s group, related to international Occupy movement, is Accampata Roma.[228]

    Malaysia

    See also: Occupy Dataran

    The Occupy Dataran movement first held their assembly at Dataran Merdeka (Independence Square) seven weeks before Occupy Wall Street on 30 July 2011[229] to create an alternative to the current representative democracy[230] using the popular assembly model based on principles of participatory democracy.[231] As part of the 15 October 2011 global protests, over 200 people[232] took part in 15 October’s Occupy Dataran, the largest assembly to date.[233] In late October, the movement spread to Penang with Occupy Penang[234] and Kelantan with Occupy Kota Bharu.

    Mexico

    Occupy began in Mexico City on 11 October 2011 with a hunger strike in front of the Mexican Stock Exchange highrise. Edur Velasco, a 56-year-old labor economist and university professor, was on a 42-day-long hunger strike sitting in a tent outside Mexico City’s stock market, demanding that the government guarantee greater access to higher education among the youth.[235] Days after his initiative, it came as a surprise to see the multiplication of tents setting up outside the stock exchange building. Police remained discreetly around the corner sitting in their trucks.[236] Occupy Mexico, came at a time of many other nationwide protests, mainly condemning the Mexican Drug War, which many associate with the economic interests of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

    Mongolia

    S. Ganbaatar, the head of Mongolia’s Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU), has announced that the association joins the worldwide occupy protests of Wall Street and other high streets on 20 October 2011.[237] He claimed that bankers are charging higher interest rates from customers and corporates. In the most recent data in September 2011, the weighted average annual MNT lending rate is 16% in Mongolia.[238]

    Netherlands

    Occupy Rotterdam on 22 October 2011 in front of the Beurs-World Trade Center

    In the Netherlands, Occupy protests took place in many cities, most notably Amsterdam,[239] The Hague,[240] Rotterdam,[241] and Utrecht[242]

    New Zealand

    The Occupy Auckland protest camp in Aotea Square, Auckland on 16 November 2011

    In October 2011 Occupy protests began in six New Zealand cities – Auckland, New Plymouth, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, and Invercargill – with protests in Auckland drawing up to 3,000 supporters.[243]

    A seventh Occupy protest started on 19 November in the Lower Hutt suburb of Pomare by a group called “Pomare Community Voice” to highlight what they call the “loss of community” caused by the demolition of state homes in the area.[244][245]

    On 23 January, police moved in on four sites in Auckland. Two arrests were made and police said campers were in breach of council bylaws regarding camping. The sites were at Aotea Square, 360 Queen st, Victoria Park and Albert Park.[246]

    Nigeria

    See also: Occupy Nigeria

    Occupy Nigeria is an anti fuel subsidy removal protests that started in Nigeria on 2 January 2012 in response to fuel subsidy removal by the Federal government of Nigeria on 1 January 2012. It is a movement against corruption in Government & public service, insensitive & inhuman treatment of Nigerians by Government & Security agents. The movement ended on 16 January 2012 following agreement between the government and the organized labour leaders which saw a partial restoration of the subsidy regime. Fuel pump price in Nigeria has since then been fixed at the official rate of 97 naira per litre while it practically sells for as high as 130 naira in some major cities including Port Harcourt, one of the cities in the oil-producing states in Nigeria.

    Norway

    See also: Occupy Oslo

    The Occupy movement in Norway began on 15 October with protests in Oslo and Bergen as part of the Global Day of Action.[247][248] In Oslo, the movement has since then met every Saturday in the city centre, usually at Eidsvolls plass in front of the Parliament, but sometimes at other sites, like Spikersuppa and Youngstorget.[citation needed] In Bergen, the movement meets on Saturdays at Vågsallmenningen 4 (Holbergsstatuen).[citation needed]

    Republic of Ireland

    The Occupy Dame Street camp in Dublin, Republic of Ireland

    To date six towns and cities in Ireland have witnessed experienced Occupy camps; Dublin, Cork, Galway, Waterford, Letterkenny, and Athlone.[249] Protests were held in Dublin,[250] Cork, and Galway.[251] The Irish Times described the movement in the following terms: “The group has no hierarchical structure, has set up a Facebook page and Twitter account – with the social media links attracting a very mixed, and sometimes critical, reaction.” The protest in Dublin was organized by “Pots & Pans – Ireland”, and #OccupyDameStreet protest group, who then invited Real Democracy Now! Shell to Sea, Tir na Saor and many other non political groups to participate and all set up camp outside the Central Bank of Ireland in solidarity with the Occupy Wall Street movement in New York. On 22 October is was reported that over 2,000 people took part in a demonstration organized by Occupy Dame Street.[252] This camp survived through the winter, but was removed by an Garda Siochana (Irish police) on 13 March 2012, days before the annual St. Patrick’s Day Parade. On the morning of 16 May 2012 at approximately 4.30 am,the Occupy camp in Eyre Square in Galway, the longest-lasting of the Occupy groups in Ireland, was removed by An Garda Siochana and Galway City Council. The camp was removed because the group was illegally occupying a public amenity. At the time the camp was dismantled, there were only 6 protesters at the camp. The camp had lasted for 215 days.[253][254]

    South Africa

    In South Africa, a movement called Taking Back South Africa! sprung up as an initiative primarily aimed at protesting and inciting mass action against the economic and social inequality in the country. It consists of a loose informal affiliation of on-the-ground groups and individuals across South Africa as well as internet based groups.[255][256]

    South Korea

    Hundreds of protesters held rallies in the South Korean capital of Seoul on 15 and 22 October in 2011 under the slogan of “Occupy Seoul”. Protesters focused on issues such as a recent free trade agreement with the United States as well as costs of tuition and rent.[257][258][259]
    ‘Occupy Seoul’ began as a part of 15 October 2011 global protests. Protesters gathered in several places in Seoul, including Yeouido (financial hub of Seoul) where protesters rallied under the slogan of “Occupy Yeouido: 99% against Financial Exploitation of 1%.” Three primary requirements demanded by these protesters were: (1) clarifying the responsibility of the bureaucracy, (2) financial regulations, and (3) compensations for the victims of failed financial policies of Korean government. Other protesters, led by leftist organizations such as People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, gathered in front of Seoul train station and Daehanmoon. However, they failed to enter the Seoul City Hall Plaza as they had planned, as their protest permit was rejected by the police due to an exhibition that was already taking place in the Plaza.[260]
    Although there were considerable support from public, there were also criticisms regarding the nature of the protest. Unlike the original Occupy movement which started out as the anti-capitalist protest, many of the catchphrases of Occupy Seoul contained anti-government or anti-American messages. One of the observers has argued that “South Korea overcame the 2008 financial crisis relatively well and there was no serious crisis in financial sector. It is hard to find the legitimate basis of the protest.”[261]

    Spain

    A series of protests demands a radical change in Spanish politics, as protesters do not consider themselves to be represented by any traditional party nor favoured by the measures approved by politicians.[262] Spanish media have related the protests to the economic crisis, Stéphane Hessel‘s Time for Outrage!,[262] the NEET troubled generation and current protests in the Middle East and North Africa,[263] Greece,[264] Portugal[265] as well as the Icelandic protest and riots in 2009.[266] The movement drew inspiration from 2011 revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and uprisings in 1968 France, and Greece in 2008. The protests were staged close to the local and regional elections, held on 22 May.Occupy Hispania – Iberia – Lusitania Indignados # Iberian R-Evolution & Unión União Unió Ibérica

    Switzerland

    On 15 October, between 500 to 1,000 Occupy protesters demonstrated in front of the offices of UBS and Credit Suisse on the Paradeplatz in Zurich.[267] 100 protesters later established an occupation on the nearby Lindenhof, which was evicted by the police on 15 November.

    Turkey

    Some of the protesters have styled themselves as #OccupyGezi.

    The initial Istanbul protests were led by about 50 environmentalists[268] against replacing Taksim Gezi Park with a re-erection of the Ottoman Era Taksim Military Barracks the scene of pro Sultan riots in 1909. Intervened by Military siding with theYoung Turk Revolution (remains vacant during 1940ies), with the rumor of housing a shopping mall at Taksim square opposite to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Monument of the Republic. The protests developed into riots after the heavy handed police intervention which is done with significant amount of use of teargas. It happened to be that oppressive behaviour of the government for the citizens against the riots caused that more amount of people started to come out day by day.

    The subjects of the protests have since broadened beyond the development of Taksim Gezi Park, developing into wider anti-government demonstrations.The protests (up to 100.000 in İstanbul and 30.000 people in Ankara) have also spread to other cities in Turkey, and protests have been seen in other countries with significant Turkish communities.

    United Kingdom

    England

    See also: Occupy London

    A tent at the Occupy London encampment in the City of London

    As part of the 15 October 2011 global protests, protesters gathered in London, Bristol and Birmingham in England, together with Glasgow and Edinburgh in Scotland (See Scotland heading below).[269] The London Stock Exchange in Paternoster Square was the initial target for the protesters of Occupy London on 15 October 2011.[130][131][132] Attempts to occupy the square were thwarted by police.[131][270] Police sealed off the entrance to the square as it was private property, and a High Court injunction had been granted against public access to the square.[271] 2500–3000 people gathered nearby outside St Paul’s Cathedral, with 250 camping overnight.[270] A canon of St. Paul’s, Reverend Giles Fraser, said he was happy for people to “exercise their right to protest peacefully” outside the cathedral and an indefinite encampment was established.[270] Additional smaller protests occurred in Birmingham[272] and Nottingham.[273] As of 17 October an indefinite encampment had also been established on College Green in Bristol.[274] On 29 October a camp was also established in Victoria Gardens, Brighton, and grew from six tents to around twenty within one week.[275] Further Occupy camps took place in Liverpool[276] Bath, Bournemouth University, Bradford, Leeds, Sheffield, Thanet, Newcastle upon Tyne, Plymouth, Exeter, Norwich,[277] Lancaster in England and Cardiff in Wales.[278] On 8 Jan 2012, Lancaster Police arrested four members of Occupy Lancaster who were occupying a disused hotel in the city centre.[279]

    On 11 November, police arrested 170 EDL members on Armistice Day when intelligence revealed EDL members planned to attack campers at St Paul’s Cathedral.[27]

    On 15 November an Occupy camp was established in the centre of Leicester near the Highcross shopping centre.[280] On 25 November an Occupy camp was established in Liverpool near the Walker Art Gallery.[281][282] As of 30 November 2011 following national strike action, a body of students occupied The University of Sheffield Arts Tower in solidarity with, but not limited to, the occupy movement.[283][284]

    Northern Ireland

    In Northern Ireland, Occupy Belfast initiated its protest outside the offices of Invest NI on 21 October. Occupy Belfast took residence at Writer’s Square, in the Cathedral Quarter.[285] It also took control of a disused building owned by the Bank of Ireland, renaming it the People’s Bank, with plans to open a library and homeless accommodation to be a community hub.[286] It was expected that an Occupy Derry would take place in the near future.

    Scotland

    Occupy Edinburgh protesters in St Andrews Square, Edinburgh

    Occupy camps were established in the financial district of St. Andrew Square, Edinburgh on 15 October 2011. St. Andrews Square is the home of the Royal Bank of Scotland headquarters in the Dundas House mansion. Edinburgh City Council subsequently officially backed Occupy Edinburgh and the Occupy movement worldwide.

    Protesters from Occupy Glasgow set up in the civic George Square on 15 October but after the council obtained a court order moved to Kelvingrove Park, where the council agreed to provide running water, toilets and safety fences.

    Wales

    In Wales, Occupy Cardiff originally set its camp-site outside Cardiff Castle but it was disbanded by police, and some protesters were arrested. Charges were later dropped following calls from trade unionists, lawyers and politicians including Plaid Cymru leader Leanne Wood, Labour Party politician Tony Benn and demonstrations outside Cardiff magistrates court.[287] Occupy Cardiff set up a new camp in the city, outside the offices of Welsh Labour and a number of trade unions at the Transport House, Cathedral Road.[278][288]

    United States

    One of the marches to the Port of Oakland during the 2011 Oakland General Strike on 2 November 2011

    The Occupy Wall Street protests began in New York City on 17 September 2011.[289] By 9 October, similar demonstrations were either ongoing or had been held in 70 major cities and over 600 communities across the U.S.[16] The movement rejects existing political institutions and attempts to create alternative ones through direct action and direct democracy.[75][290][291] Occupy protesters’ slogan, “We are the 99%”, asserts that the “99%” pay for the mistakes of the “1%”.

    The original location of choice by the protesters was 1 Chase Plaza, the site of the “Charging Bull” statue, but when police discovered the planned site, it was fenced off and nearby Zuccotti Park was chosen. There was scant media coverage till 24 September when a large march forcing the closure of several streets resulted in 80 arrests. Police used a technique called “netting”, the use of orange plastic nets to corral protesters, and the march received extensive media coverage when a video of several “netted” young women being pepper sprayed was widely circulated.[292][293] Media coverage was again sparked on 1 October, when New York City protesters attempted to march across the Brooklyn Bridge and more than 700 arrests were made. Some said the police had tricked protesters, allowing them onto the bridge and even escorting them partway across before they began to make mass arrests.

    On 25 October, police officers cleared two Occupy Oakland protest camp sites. Police fired tear gas canisters at the protestors, allegedly in response to objects being thrown at them.[citation needed] Protest organizers said that many of the troublemakers were not part of the Occupy movement.[294] The raid was described as “violent and chaotic at times”[295] and resulted in over 102 arrests. Scott Olsen, a former Marine and Iraq War veteran, suffered a skull fracture caused by a projectile that witnesses believed was a tear gas or smoke canister fired by the police.[296] On 2 November, protesters in Oakland, California shut down the Port of Oakland, the fifth busiest port in the nation. Police estimated that about 3,000 demonstrators were gathered at the port and 4,500 had marched across the city.[297]

    Zuccotti Park closed to overnight camping on 15 November 2011

    At about 1:00 am on 15 November, police cleared the Zuccotti Park encampment. Many journalists complained that the police had made a deliberate decision to keep journalists away from the park during the raid.[298] New York City journalists responded to what they perceived as “alarming suppression, abuse and arrests of reporters” by forming “The Coalition for the First Amendment” to “monitor police-press relations as a way of spotlighting police activities that threaten constitutional protections”.[299] Executive Director Alison Bethel McKenzie of the International Press Institute commented: “It is completely unacceptable to hinder reporting on a subject that is undoubtedly of public interest. Such reporting is vital to democracy, and authorities at every level of government – federal, state and local – must honour their constitutional obligation not to infringe upon the freedom of the press.”[300]

    On 6 December, Occupy Homes, an offshoot of Occupy Wall Street, embarked on a “national day of action” to protest the mistreatment of homeowners by big banks, who they say made billions of dollars off the housing bubble by offering predatory loans and indulging in practices that allegedly took advantage of consumers. In more than two dozen cities across the nation the movement took on the housing crisis by re-occupying foreclosed homes, disrupting bank auctions and blocking evictions.[83]

    On 17 September 2012, protesters returned to Zuccotti Park to mark the one-year anniversary of the beginning of the occupation.[301][302][303] On 26 September, administrators at the University of California agreed to pay out roughly $1 million to end a lawsuit brought by UC Davis students who were pepper sprayed by police at a protest on 18 November 2011. Students had gathered to protest against rising tuition costs and reduced services.[304]

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